How does an ambulance stretcher work?


Emergency ambulance stretcher is an effective tool for carrying injured or sick people in emergency situations, it can transport the injured who cannot walk, effectively protect the injured’s cervical vertebra and spine, and avoid the deterioration of the injury caused by movement.


Therefore, mastering the use of emergency stretchers is not only a compulsory course for medical personnel, but also very important for the general public.

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Preparation before use:


Before using the stretcher, it is necessary to determine the patient’s injury and take the correct handling method to avoid injury to the patient. At the same time, check whether the stretcher is complete, whether there is loose and damaged, so as to avoid accidents.


Position the stretcher correctly:


1. Place the stretcher beside the patient, and the tripod of the stretcher should be placed in the direction of the patient’s feet.
2. Unroll and secure the head plate to keep the patient’s head upright.
3. Place the stretcher pad on the head-up plate to prevent the patient’s body from being jolted during transportation.
4. At this time, you can slide the stretcher under the patient’s body, taking care to avoid touching the patient’s body.


Move and secure patient onto stretcher:


1. If the patient has a fracture, make sure the fracture site is fixed with a tool.
2. Use appropriate techniques (such as rolling or sliding) to move the patient onto the stretcher. Make sure the patient’s body is aligned with the stretcher and does not feel uncomfortable.
3. Use the safety belt on the stretcher to secure the patient and ensure that the patient will not slip or fall during transportation.


At this point, you can push it into the ambulance.


Ambulances usually use wheeled ambulance stretcher gurney .

In case of emergency, there are other rescue stretchers:


1. Scoop stretcher.


It is mainly composed of the left and right two aluminum alloy plates. When carrying the wounded, the wounded should be placed in a horizontal position first, and then the neck should be fixed. The left and right two stretchers should be inserted into the back from the side of the wounded, and then they should be buckled and then transported.

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EA-5B Scoop stretcher


2. Vacuum stretcher.


This stretcher is mostly used to carry multiple fractures and spinal injuries the best tool, inflatable cushion can maximize the fixed injury of the whole body. When in use, the air cushion should be first paved, and then the wounded person is placed in the cushion, and then the air in the bag is extracted, the air cushion will harden, and the wounded person will be firmly fixed in it, and it can always maintain a stable state on the way to be transported.

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EA-11A02 Vacuum stretcher


3. Basket stretcher.


Common aluminum alloy type and synthetic resin type. When transporting the trapped person, the trapped person is placed in the stretcher, and the stretcher will “close” the trapped person inside the stretcher, so that the trapped person will not be free. However, if the trapped personnel are too fat and the operation time is too long, it is easy to cause chest tightness and suffocation.

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EA-7A/7B Basket stretcher


4. Roll up stretcher.


It is similar to the basket stretcher in use, lighter weight and can be rolled up in the backpack to carry. Its raw material is a specially synthesized resin, which is resistant to corrosion.

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EA-11C Roll up stretcher


In short:
1. Safety first: Ensure patient safety and comfort at all times, especially during handling and immobilisation.
2. Teamwork: Two or more people should work together when operating the stretcher if the patient is serious or ill.
3. Proper technique: Use proper handling techniques to prevent injury to patients or paramedics.
4. Equipment inspection: The stretcher should be checked before and after each use to ensure that it is functioning properly.


By following these steps and precautions, you can ensure the safe and effective use of an ambulance stretcher in an emergency.


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